By Melissa Hart
A typical training session with Archimedes goes like this: I walk into our nature center’s clinic and cut a chicken breast into chunks, drop them into a box strapped around my waist, pull on a leather glove, and walk down a path to a wood-and-wire enclosure. From his log in one corner, Archimedes opens his black beak and from it emanates a sound like squeaking bicycle brakes. His yellow eyes register the box of chicken and my hand as I place a glistening pink bit on the Astroturf-swathed perch.
I step back and wait.
He ruffles his white feathers and rises, 5-foot wings outstretched, to settle on the perch. “Good work,” I say. He places one foot on my arm, then the other. I thread metal swivels through the leather jesses that encircle his legs like bracelets, then clip them to my glove. We step into the chill of a January day to greet a family visiting from France. They gaze open-mouthed at the bird. The man shifts his eyes to me.
“How did you come to work with owls?” he asks.
I volunteered as a cage cleaner for years at Eugene’s Cascades Raptor Center before it occurred to me to train owls. Volunteers treat birds of prey that have been hit by cars, tangled in barbed wire, illegally raised by humans. Similar centers exist across the country.
My husband discovered our center first—he’d been rehabilitating birds for two years when I met him. Jonathan introduced me to raptors, inspiring me to show up for a weekly four-hour shift spent scrubbing greenish poop from pet carriers and cages. When an enormous white owl arrived and took up residence in our clinic cage, he introduced me.
“Archimedes,” Jonathan said. “A snowy owl. He’ll live here forever.”
Sometimes, a raptor arrives at a rehabilitation center with permanent injuries, but demonstrates a calm demeanor. Then, the director can apply for a permit to keep the bird for educational programs. Archimedes had been raised by people, and thus became developmentally disabled. Believing humans to be of its species, an imprinted raptor will fly down to picnickers in search of food. Perceiving a threat to its territory, it will attack unsuspecting hikers.
In the wilderness, an imprint is doomed.
Snowies can live in the wild for ten years, and in captivity for almost 30. The heaviest owl in North America, they have two predators—wolves and humans. A snowy owl guarding its nest on the tundra will launch its 5-pound body toward threats. “Once, a snowy almost scalped an ornithologist in Canada,” Jonathan told me. “It flew up behind him and grabbed his hair, then gashed his head with its talons.”
He opened the cage door. I leapt backward as Archimedes sailed out and landed on my sneaker. Astride my foot, he flapped his wings and barked. “What’s he doing?” I yelped.
Jonathan regarded the bird calmly. “Unfortunately, he sees your shoe as a potential mate.” Jonathan saw me as a potential mate, and said as much. During our shifts at the center, we cleaned cages and talked about adopting a child from the foster-care system after we married. “It’s a long, complicated process,” our social worker told us of the two-year procedure. “Stay busy.”
Planning our wedding distracted us from the wait. We married on the center’s lawn, attended by volunteers with raptors on the glove. Archimedes was absent. The snowy tolerated humans; however, when trainers put him on their arm, he flew off and hung from their glove, twisting and shrieking like a giant white bat.
“Most birds jump off and try to fly upward,” they explained to me, “then land back on your glove. But snowies are ground-nesters. When they try to fly away, they head down.”
Possibly, Archimedes lacked the muscles to right himself after attempting to fly off the glove. Possibly, he was pissed off at being asked to stand on someone’s arm. Whatever the reason, trainers respected his distress. They left off working with him, and provided him with an outdoor enclosure from which he could observe the world.
Early details of his life are murky. Case notes reveal his origin as a falconry bird, possibly used to hunt rabbits. But how did the falconer obtain a baby snowy? Did he journey to the Arctic and scope out a mating pair, biding his time until the male left to hunt and he could shroud himself in leather against the female who bludgeoned his body with her powerful wings as he slipped an egg into his pocket? Or was Archimedes hawked as a fledgling over an Internet falconry site for hundreds of dollars?
Either way, he got a bum deal. I hung out near his enclosure, observing how he looked at me when I entered with his evening chicken. After weeks, I no longer dropped his dinner and ran. Instead, I sang to him. “Mr. Archimedes,” I crooned to the tune of the Ella Fitzgerald classic, “Mr. Paganini.” “Please play my rhapsody. And if you cannot play it, won’t you hoot it . . . .”
I took classes in bird training at the center. “It’ll help me raise a child,” I told Jonathan. I learned to approach birds calmly, how to use bits of chicken to train them to step on my glove.
Likewise, our social worker tempted us with M&M’s as she reviewed our first potential daughter’s case notes with us. “This baby’s mother did methamphetamines and marijuana during her pregnancy,” she explained. “The child was born premature, unable to suck from a bottle. She needs to be fed every two hours. She’ll have a learning disability . . .”
“We want to adopt this little girl,” I told my mother that night.
“Why?” she demanded.
“The foster-care system’s a wilderness,” I said, thinking of Archimedes. “We want to rescue her.”
But two months after we applied to adopt the baby, our social worker called. “I’m sorry,” she said. “The case worker gave the child to a family who’d been waiting longer.”
That summer, my sorrow boiled over. A three-month vacation stretched out interminably, devoid of anticipated trips to the park and the beach with my daughter.
The Buddhists note that the wanting mind is not skillful. Sorrowfully, I listened to Jack Kornfield’s Buddhist psychology lectures. He spoke of his teacher from Thailand. “Why don’t you want what you have,” he quoted the monk, “and don’t want what you don’t have?”
What did I have? I slumped at my desk on a June morning and took stock. I had a nursery that might stand empty for another year. I had six months of classes on raptor training. I had an affinity, based on foot-sex, for a snowy owl.
I dragged myself to the center and approached the director.
“I’d like to glove-train Archimedes,” I said.
A frown marred her serene face. “Why?”
Behind her in the clinic, a kestrel recovering from head trauma sounded its shrill call. I breathed in the diesel smell of skunk from a great horned owl rescued after its tangle with the pungent mammal.
I struggled to explain the pity I felt when I entered the enclosure each day. Other raptors snatched their food and ascended to a high perch. Archimedes gazed at me and honked a greeting. “Visitors want to see him on the glove,” I concluded vaguely. “He’s the Harry Potter bird.”
I didn’t add that I craved commitment to a project that would distract from the dread I felt as I flipped through the social worker’s binder and read profiles of children available for adoption.
Sexually abused before being put into foster care.
Victim of domestic violence; witnessed mother’s murder.
Born addicted to methamphetamine. Mother a prostitute, father a pimp.
I became accustomed to falling in love with photos of adoptable children, to reading their biographies, and weighing what Jonathan and I might be able to handle. We attended classes with titles like “Caring for the Sexually Abused Child” and “Working with Incarcerated Parents.” These lectures left us shell-shocked at the crimes people perpetrate upon infants. We increased our volunteer hours at the center.
Trainers don’t handle a resident raptor unless the bird shows interest in working. Archimedes tolerated my presence, but it was anyone’s guess as to what he’d do when presented with my glove. I stepped into his enclosure in mid-June, unsure of how to proceed. With a stubbornness born of desperation, I stared at Archimedes—registered his round white head and 2-inch talons. Somehow, I had to get him to a perch, onto my arm, and out to people eager to glimpse this rare visitor to the Northwest.
I read that snowy owls sometimes venture south from their Arctic home. They depend on lemmings for food and an adult snowy can eat up to 1,600 annually. When the lemming population declines, snowies migrate to the lower 48 in search of sustenance.
They like to hang out at airports, I learned. They scan the wide flat terrain for mice. In 2006, a Eugene-area farmer noticed cars parked near his land. Bird lovers trained binoculars on his warehouse, atop which sat a snowy. “You can drive a pickup within 50 feet of him,” the man told reporters. “It’s kind of fun to see him.”
Not fun for those who had spotted a dead snowy by the side of I-5 near Portland the previous month. Another of the owls appeared near Coos Bay, only to be shot and killed.All the more reason to get Archimedes out on the glove as an ambassador for his species.
He chortled a welcome when I opened his enclosure door, and clacked his beak as I approached with chicken. I offered him a piece for allowing me to touch his jesses, another for flying to his perch. He placed a talon on my glove, and I jackpotted him with a slippery red liver.
After weeks of this, he finally stepped both feet onto my glove. He tolerated my lifting him into the air. But outside, he bated and hung and panted.
“It looks bad,” volunteers told me. “We know he’s in training, but others see a bird upside down and screaming.”
“He’ll never trust me,” I said to Jonathan. “How am I going to inspire a child to love me if I can’t even bond with an owl?”
We’d learned that some victims of trauma are unable to form attachments. Meet a baby’s eyes and she’ll glance away, disinterested. Give her a hug and she’ll recoil. Might it be the same for traumatized birds?
My books spoke of a union between falconer and raptor, between trainer and animal. But Archimedes, who flew off my glove and hung ten times in as many minutes, shared no bond with me.
“Try scratching his head,” Jonathan suggested one day. “Bonded birds preen one another.”
I thought of Archimedes’ talons. “He’ll hurt me,” I said.
My husband nodded. “On the other hand, he might love it.”
That day, I returned Archimedes to his enclosure after a session in which he’d hung and twisted his jesses around his toes, forcing me to hold him down on the ground while I disentangled him. He flew to his perch and chirped admonishments.
Trembling, I reached to touch his head.
He let me. Not only could I rub the feathers at the top of his beak—he leaned into my hand and closed his eyes. Blinking back tears, I massaged the owl’s eyelids for an hour.
Now, I deconstruct Archimedes’ physique for visitors while he sits on my glove. I tell them about the lopsided ears that help owls pinpoint the scrabble of lemmings under snow, of the air sacs within hollow bones which allow them lightness and loft. At last, I stroke Archimedes’ toes, talon-tipped and strong enough to break the neck of a rabbit, or my finger.
“How come he lets you touch him?” people ask.
“We’re bonded,” I explain.
I tell people–over the cacophony of clear-cutting and Arctic drilling debates–that the world needs owls. Without them, we’d be overrun by rodents. As well, we’d forego a little beauty, a little mystery.
These days, I consider the biographies of babies bearing murky histories, the plight of injured birds, with a better understanding of how hope arrives in increments–we move toward it in small steps, so that one day, we might feel it warm and vital beneath our fingertips.
These days, I want what I have. For the rest, I step back and wait.
Melissa Hart is the author of the upcoming memoir Gringa: A Contradictory Girlhood (Seal, 2009). Contact her at [email protected]