And just to expand on this a bit...in many places you can adopt a child who is already a state ward but isnt really a "waiting child" in the sense that its a photolisted child or something like that. With my previous agency, it wasnt like they had a pool of these kids "waiting" however they knew what kids were in the process of TPR and would likely be "coming up" for adoption, and whether or not any relatives/foster parent would be seeking to adopt. With my next adoption i am going to ask for a child younger than my boys (preferable a baby or young toddler) and if we have to wait awhile, we will wait. Generally if you call an agency and say "i want to adopt a child under three without fostering" they will say they dont have any...but they usually DO. its just that those kids are placed very quickly. And you might have to wait awhile. But it DOES happen. Sometimes even with very young children (babies)...it really just depends. you could luck out and a foster parent with your agency just happens to have a recently TPR'd 1 yr old they dont want to adopt (maybe they feel they are too old, or dont want to close their home to fostering or just dont feel its "their" child) and boom, you have a baby. It honestly really just depends on your area, your agency, and lots of luck.