Before then, was it mainly just African immigrants having it done? I sometimes wonder how many American girls (Caucasian, born in USA, etc.) would have been subjected to the horrible procedure.
Please correct/educate me.
Up until 1976, Blue Shield (insurance company) paid for female circumcision in the USA. The magazine Cosmopolitan even recommended adult female circumcision as a cure for "female frigidity," and thousands of women consequently followed their advice.
A good book on this subject is Secret Wounds, by Hanny Lightfoot-Klein.
Thank you for posting those video links. I applaud the two women in the first two. They both have tremendous courage and it is obvious that both have suffered tremendous psychological stress over what was done to them. It is mind boggling that the medical community was so whacked as to sanction FGM, and it still is in that it still promotes the circumcision of males.
I suspect that the reason why crcumcision is still performed among boys so often but never caught on for females is the desire among many women to be able to perpetually view the glans penis. For males there is not a strong attachment or desire to be able to the glans clitoris. If there was as strong a sexual attraction towards the glans clitoris among males as there is among females for the glans penis then the situation would likely be very different for women in the United States today.