We're lucky to have a ton of cupboard space. Actually, no, we don't. We just don't have a lot of junk.
I even have one big cupboard that is currently totally empty (it's DD's hiding spot), and another shelf that has nothing on it.
Anyway, we just recently moved, so it was the perfect time to declutter. Here is how we set up our kitchen:
-Spices in the cupboard above the stove. All duplicate spices were tossed out. All spices that were over a year old were tossed out. All spices that we NEVER use were tossed out.
-Pots in the cupboard to the left of the stove. It's a lazy susan style cupboard. I keep the lids to each pot on the actual pot they go with, so I'm not fishing around for lids and/or knocking over a giant pile of lids everytime I need one. I got rid of all the pots/pans we don't need. So we currently have 4 pots, 2 pans.
-Lunch boxes, picnic box, bread baskets, and other random things we only use once in a blue moon are in the cupboard to the right of the stove. It's the hardest to access (it goes deep, and you practically have to climb in to get anything) so it was a good "randomness" cupboard.
-We got rid of all of the mismatched cups, and just kept our single, Ikea set. They fit perfectly in the cupboard. The mugs go on the shelf above them. The shelf above that is empty.
-We got rid of all of the pointless kitchen gizmos. It turned out that we had several appliances that did the exact same thing.
-We got rid of all of the extra big spoons, spatulas, etc, so that now we only have what we need. Everything else went to Goodwill.
-We have one set of dishes. All of the mismatched hand-me-downs went to Goodwill.
-Under the sink, we have garbage, a bin for recycling (so that the counter doesn't get cluttered when people are too lazy to take it out to the garage), and a little canister of dishwasher soaps (so that DD can help with the dishes, by loading the dishwasher...she loves this).
-On the counter, we have the coffee maker, the microwave, and the tea kettle. Oh, and a set of knives (so that they're well out of DD's reach). Everything else is in cupboards. The tea kettle has a spot in the cupboard, but we use it so often that it ends up staying on the counter.
-We have a pantry beside the fridge, that ALL of the food goes in. I go through it once every few months to get rid of anything that's reached it's expiry date.
-I go through the fridge once a week to get rid of any leftovers, and food that has expired or gone bad.
The only other thing I can suggest when you get started, is to take everything out of the cupboards, and make "keep", "donate" and "trash" piles. With every item you pick up, ask yourself if it's something you actually use, or need. IE: Do I really NEED this strawberry de-topper (yes, I actually had one...) Wash out all of the cupboards, and put things back one "zone" at a time. Put things away in the areas that you actually use them in. It makes sense to designate the cupboards around the sink for dishes. The cupboards around the stove for cookware. The cupboards near the fridge for food (for ease of putting groceries away). The low, hard to reach cupboards for things you use, but not every day.