These questions are exactly what lead my dh and I out of Christianity.
We started actually looking at the idea of what constituted the Jewish Messiah and whether or not Jesus met those requirements. From the Christian pov (at least when we were in the church - which seems so long ago but was only 1 year ago), there are many "prophecies" from the "OT" that are fulfilled in the "NT". But, there are legitimate prophecies from the Tanakh that are not fulfilled; when we questioned those, we were always told that they either (1) would be fulfilled in the 2nd Coming or (2) were fulfilled symbolically. We studied some of the supposed prophecies that were fulfilled in Jesus, but what really started getting us is the following:
1. Ezekiel 37:21-28:
|"21 Say to them, 'Thus said the Lord HaShem/Elohim: Behold, I am taking the Children of Israel from among the nations to which they have gone; I will gather them from all around and I will bring them to their soil; 22 I will make them into one nation in the land, upon the mountains of Israel, and one king will be a king for them all; they will no longer be two nations, and they will no longer be divided into two kingdoms, ever again. 23 They will no longer be contaminated with their idols and with their abhorrent things and with all their sins. I will save them [taking them] from all their dwelling places in which they had sinned, and I will purify them; they will be a nation to Me, and I will be a God to them. 24 My servant David will be king over them, and there will be one shepherd for all of them; they will follow My ordinances and keep My decrees and fulfill them. 25 They will dwell on the land that I gave to My servant Jacob, within which your fathers dwelled; they and their children and their children's children will dwell upon it forever; and My servant David will be a leader for them forever. 26 I will seal a covenant of peace with them; it will be an eternal covenant with them; and I will emplace them and increase them, and I will place My Sanctuary among them forever. 27 My dwelling place will be among them; I will be a God to them and they will be a people to Me. 28 Then the nations will know that I am HaShem Who sanctifies Israel, when My sanctuary will be among them forever.'"
We couldn't get past what was supposed to happen for a man to be proclaimed the Jewish Messiah. From the verses above, the Messiah is to gather all of Israel back home and be king over them. The Temple will be rebuilt. All other nations will know that G-d sanctifies His people and the Temple will stand forever. None of those things happened within the lifetime of Jesus. Infact, his life seemed to separate people, cause division, and shortly after his death, the Temple was destroyed.
2. Micah 4:1-3:
|"1 It will be in the end of days that the mountain of the Temple of HaShem will be firmly established as the most prominent of the mountains, and it will be exalted up above the hills, and peoples will stream to it. 2 Many nations will go and say, 'come, let us go up to the Mountain of HaShem and to the Temple of the God of Jacob, and He will teach us of His ways and we will walk in His paths.' For from Zion shall go forth the Torah, and the word of HaShem from Jerusalem. 3 He will judge between many peoples, and will settle the arguments of mighty nations from far away. They will beat their swords into plowshares and their spears into pruning knives; nation will not lift sword against nation, nor will they learn war anymore."
Again, the Temple will be built and stand forever; people will stream to it and know that G-d is the G-d of Jacob. There will be peace; nations will not take up the sword against one another again. These things did not happen.
3. Second Coming: This one still baffles us ... where is the prophecy of a Second Coming during which the Moshiach gets to get it all right. *IF* Jesus is afforded somehow a Second Coming, then there are many, many others who also are to be afforded a Second Coming to get it right. As mentioned previously, there are many others who tried on the title of Moshiach, yet during their lifetime they did not fulfill the prophecies. Jesus didn't fulfill the prophecies. There isn't a prophecy that says, "If you don't get it all done during your first life-time, don't worry, because I'm going to give you a second chance."
4. Human sacrifice for sins/vicarious sacrifice for sins: Again, this one flies smack in the face of the Tanakh. G-d does not allow other's to take your place in the "fire" so to speak. Each man is responsible for himself. (I can't find the references I want off the top of my head ... I'll see if I can later tonight once the boys are in bed.) Human sacrifice was forbidden in the Tanakh; why would G-d change His mind suddenly?
That's all I can get down right now ... I'm being interrupted.
I love this discussion though ... it's been a while since I've delved into the Tanakh and the Christian Bible ... I forgot how much I enjoyed it.
*Quotations from the Artscroll Tanakh, Stone Edition.