Originally Posted by BelovedBird
We are not talking about "CE judaism". We are talking about both CE and BCE judaism.
Judaism is and was monotheistic. Yes, you are apparently denying that in your above statement.
Ah, I think I see the disconnect. I was talking about pre-BCE "Judaism." You, singular (not "we"), are talking about both BCE and CE, a history spanning approx 3600 years.
I for one, see no evidence, despite the writings eventually collected and made into canon (that the huge majority of the population of course, had no access to, nor literacy skills to read), that the pre-BCE religions of Palestine were in any way monolithic (note this is a different word than monotheistic). I see some evidence the pre-BCE "Judaism" was Yahwistic in Judah
. Particularly in Jerusalem, particularly during the time of Josiah and afterwards. Yet, throughout the region, including Samaria and Israel, Yahweh was worshipped as a consort of Asherah, as one of all the "host" of heaven. No matter how the prophets warned and preached, no matter how this or that king would attempt to consolidate for political reasons, or to have pilgrims send all their first fruits down south to the elite Levites, the population as a whole stuck tenaciously to their Asherah and other household gods (see Rachael and Laban http://www.wwnorton.com/college/engl...ar/02essay.htm
, also see Michal's casual use of a teraphim to protect King David).
Just as the official history of Christianity is told by Catholic doctrine, so is the official story of "Judaism" being told. The Cath. doctrine goes that Jesus established Catholicism, while archeological evidence now tells us there were many Christianities that were very diverse in the first 4 CE centuries, and the "winners" got to eventually declare what was true C'ianity and what was heresy. Similarly, archeological and extra-Biblical literary evidence (documents, cunieforms and stele of neighboring cultures, or of Hebrews in Egypt, etc) clearly shows that the "Judaisms" of the BCE period were quite different than what was and is practiced later.
Even the word "Judaism" is misleading. It of course, refers to the religion of the Judahites. Much of the canon was collected by the Jerusalem elite while in exile in Babylon, as I understand it, and the documents that were used reflect this bias.
If priests, kings, elders and women were honoring Asherah, Tammuz, the Sun and all the Host of Heaven in the Temple in Ezekiel's time, where was Judaism? Who was strictly monotheistic and where did they worship "properly?"