and the link is defunct, but another article:
Infant Deaths After C-Sections Rise Even in Low-Risk Pregnancies
Thu Aug 31, 11:48 PM ET
THURSDAY, Aug. 31 (HealthDay News) -- Among U.S. women with low-risk
pregnancies, those who opt for Caesarean section have higher infant and
neonatal death rates than women who deliver vaginally, a new study finds.
Researchers at the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention analyzed
data from more than 5.7 million live births and nearly 12,000 infant deaths
over a four-year period.
Overall, neonatal (younger than 28 days) deaths were rare for infants of
low-risk women. The rate was about one death per 1,000 live births.
However, the study found that the death rate among neonatal infants
delivered by Caesarean section was more than twice that of infants delivered
vaginally. This held true even after the researchers adjusted for
socio-demographic and medical risk factors.
The researchers noted that there was a 41 percent increase from 1996 to 2004
in the number of U.S. babies delivered by Caesarean section. According to
the National Center for Health Statistics, nearly 1.2 million C-sections --
29.1 percent of all births -- were performed in the United States in 2004.
"These findings should be of concern for clinicians and policy makers who
are observing the rapid growth in the number of primary Caesareans to
mothers without a medical indication," lead researcher Marian MacDorman, a
CDC statistician and senior social scientist, said in a prepared statement.
She's also co-chair of the SIDS and Infant Mortality Committee for the
American Public Health Association.
"While timely Caesareans in response to medical conditions have proven to be
life-saving interventions for countless mothers and babies, we are currently
witnessing a different phenomenon -- a growing number of primary Caesareans
without a reported medical condition," MacDorman said. "Although the
neonatal mortality rate for this group of low-risk women remains low
regardless of the method of delivery, the resulting increase in the
Caesarean rate may inadvertently be putting a larger population of babies at
increased risk for neonatal mortality."
The study was published in the latest issue of the journal Birth: Issues in
The American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists has more about
patient-requested Caesarean delivery.
Caesarean birth triples maternal death risk
Thu Aug 31, 3:45 PM ET
LOS ANGELES (Reuters) - A Caesarean delivery more than triples a woman's
risk of dying in childbirth compared to a vaginal birth, according to a new
study from France.
The risk is still quite small, but many developed countries have seen a
dramatic rise in the number of Caesareans performed each year as more women
elect to avoid a vaginal delivery.
Researchers, led by Catherine Deneux-Tharaux of the Maternite Hopital Tenon
in Paris, looked at 65 maternal deaths recorded in the French National
Perinatal Survey from 1996 to 2000.
All of the deaths followed births of a single child and were not due to
conditions existing prior to delivery. The women had also not been
hospitalized during pregnancy.
The researchers found that the risk of death -- from blood clots, infection
or complications from anesthesia -- was 3.6 times higher for women who had
The risk of death after childbirth was increased whether or not the
Caesarean was performed before the onset of labor or during labor.
The study was published in the September issue of Obstetrics & Gynecology.
Although rates of maternal death in most developed countries are relatively
low -- U.S. women have a 1 in 3,500 chance of pregnancy-related death -- the
incidence of maternal mortality has not significantly decreased in the last
two decades, according to American College of Obstetricians and
you can google "risks of repeat cesarean" as well