I think CIO is prevalent here for lots of reasons, so to the extent that those reasons apply to other cultures I can see this approach being used. A big one is that we don't have a fluid community of women, in all different stages of childbearing and rearing, around our whole lives. So, we look to "experts," who get paid to have answers that involve specific actions taken to correct the apparent "problem." CIO is something that they can tell you how to do (I think CC and CIO are the same, although some people do just let their kids cry unattended).
Also, Americans are so focused on getting their kids to 21 in 5 minutes, then wonder why they grow up too fast and are detached and inconsiderate.
Furthermore, I think Americans get into this idea that we are "entitled" to the luxuries of freedom from children, in a very selfish way, and then children show up and don't fit this program so the question becomes how to force them to fit as fast as possible so we can get back to pursuing our own interests.