Originally Posted by StacyL
Councils historically are called to combat a particular heresy or assault on a dogma(s) of the Church (not so in the case of VII, obviously).
Oh, but the 7th Ecumenical Council was important and combated heresy (Iconoclasm). But then, the veneration of icons is not as important in the west as it is in Orthodoxy. "Icons safeguard a full and proper doctrine of the Incarnation." (Bishop Kallistos Ware, The Orthodox Church
, p. 33). Since Christ became flesh, he can be portrayed (as well as the Theotokos and the saints). To deny the importance of icons, is to not fully believe in the importance of the Incarnation. As my priest says, it reveals a defective Christology. Rome does have some icons, they're just not venerated as among the Orthodox - I've never seen a Catholic kiss an icon, although they are placed on walls, usually too high for veneration (kissing) that I've seen. You have the Black Madonna, a Byzantine icon of the Theotokos and Christ, much venerated among Catholics of Polish background, known as Our Lady of Czestochowa:http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Bla...of_Czestochowa
Catholics also have "Our Lady of Perpetual Help," a Byzantine icon original known as the "Theotokos of the Passion" - because the angels are carrying the instruments of the crucifixion that Christ is looking at.http://www.skete.com/index.cfm?fusea...Category_ID=27
The 7th Council was called in 787 by Empress Irene. When she died, iconoclasm reared its ugly head again under Emperor Leo V the Armenian. When the last iconoclast emperor, Theophilus, died in 842, his widow, the Empress Theodora as regent for her young son (eventually became Emperor Michael III "the Sot"), called a local council in Constantinople to affirm restoration of the icons. The icons were restored on the first Sunday of Great Lent, 843. To this day, the first Sunday of Great Lent in the Orthodox Church is known as the Sunday of Orthodoxy or the Triumph of Orthodoxy, with processions of icons in the churches.