Originally Posted by maria22000
Actually, Mary's father Joachim, was the son of Barpather, who traced his ancestry to Nathan, the son of David, while her mother Anna, was the daughter of Matthan the priest, who was of the line of Aaron. Thus, she was of royal birth by her father, and of priestly birth by her mother.
It was not the law among the Jews that the genealogy of women should be traced. David, being from the house of David would not have endured to take a wife from another race.
This is not quite accurate. The question of whether a person is Jewish is ONLY determined matrilineally (through the mother), so the geneology of the mother is crucial.
However, tribal (as in priestly; or royal) ONLY descend patrilineally (through the father) in Judaism -- certainly by the time of Jesus (which is fairly late in the game, Jewishly).
So if the question is whether, according to Jewish law at the time of Jesus, he could have been considered as descended royally through his mother, the answer would have been no.
Moreover, the priestly tribe (Aaron) and the royal tribe (David -- before him Yehuda) are mutually exclusive. You can't be both. For example, Kohanim (priests in the Temple) could not hold royal positions. And similarly, those descended of the royal tribe could not hold positions or serve functions in the Temple (kohanim and levi'im).
In fact, we have had a clear and continuous knowledge of the royal tribe until as late as the 15th century CE or so, and some say even later. The royal designate was known as the "Reish Galuta" (or Exilarch) -- King in Exile. He was always the direct descendant of King David's line. He served very specific functions.
Not sure what you mean by David not 'enduring' to take a wife from another 'race.' It was not uncommon for kings to take wives from other lands -- Shlomo HaMelech (King Solomon) had hundreds. Many of them became Jews; Judaism has never been about 'race' although it is about nationhood as well as religion. However the royal lineage was always preserved through a specific, Jewish, wife.