I've got 5 kids ages 15, 13, 10, 8 and 2. We are like a couple of the other posters, our children get allowance starting at age 6, so they can learn about money and saving for things they want. They get $1 at age 6, $2 at age 8, $3 at age 10 and at age 12 they get $10, but half of it goes into a savings account. It gets raised again at 14 to $12, same deal, half to savings and by the time they are 16 they will likely have jobs...our son is already working a few hours a week for my husband and he referrees soccer games in the spring and fall.
As for 'chores'...we've done various things over the years, they are expected to help out (without complaint) when asked. If they complain they are subject to another task to give them an opportunity to do it without complaint. Right now they keep their rooms clean, the girls have dish night once a week, our 8 year old swiffers the kitchen floor, our 15 year old takes out the trash. They also will pick up or vacuum when asked. Our 13 year old is a wonderful help, she often will do things without having to be asked and the others often follow suit.
Our children also rarely complain about being bored...if they do I tell them I've got plenty for them to choose from...dishes, laundry, picking up, vacuuming...they'd much rather find something else to do!