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|If we were to stop vaccination against mumps, we could expect the number of cases to climb back to pre-vaccine levels, since mumps is easily spread among unvaccinated persons.|
|Chickenpox is usually mild, but may be severe in some infants, adolescents, and adults. Some people who get chickenpox have also suffered from complications such as secondary bacterial infections, loss of fluids (dehydration), pneumonia, and central nervous system involvement|
|In the U.S., up to 20 percent of persons with measles are hospitalized.|
|What are the complications?
The most frequent complications of measles are diarrhea, middle ear infection ("bacterial otitis media"), bacterial pneumonia, and inflammation of the brain ("encephalitis"). Diarrhea is the most common complication of measles in the United States, and it occurs in approximately 10% of children who develop measles.
Originally Posted by LongIsland
The CDC states: As many as three of every 1,000 persons with measles will die in the U.S.
Anyone good with math? Can someone "translate" this please?
Originally Posted by mamakay
When I was a kid, one of the traits my grandparents felt strongly about instilling in me was the ability to not be led astray by false advertising.
Every time a commercial would come on that had the phrase "up to" in it, they'd laugh and say "What does that mean, again?" and the appropriate answer I'd dutifully give back was "Less, probably far less than".
They called it "swindle-speak".
|Worldwide, tetanus in newborn infants continues to be a huge problem. Every year tetanus kills 300,000 newborns and 30,000 birth mothers who were not properly vaccinated.|
|Traditional practices may also conflict with recommendations. The application of cow dung or another harmful substance to the cord stump may be deeply rooted in the local culture, for example, and applying nothing to the cord may be unacceptable. Suggesting the use of a safe alternative substance (e.g. an antiseptic) may therefore be appropriate in such circumstances. If cultural tradition demands binding of the newborn's abdomen to protect the stump from "bad air", it may be difficult to recommend air drying of the stump. In this situation it will be more beneficial to provide information on more sanitary methods of binding, such as covering the stump with a clean piece of gauze and a clean bandage that is frequently changed.30
Teaching traditional birth attendants and families about clean cord care is not always an easy undertaking as people's traditional frame of reference is often based on religious or supernatural beliefs as opposed to the physical and technical approach of scientific medicine. Local practices and the intention behind them must be understood properly before change can be introduced. People's traditions and beliefs must be used as a basis for introducing new practices. For example, to help people understand the phenomenon of bacterial contamination of the cord stump by hands, ties and cutting tools, comparisons can be drawn with other local concepts and practices that are beneficial, and local terminology on the transmission of diseases can be used.69
|Polio virus causes acute paralysis that can lead to permanent physical disability and even death. Before polio vaccine was available, 13,000 to 20,000 cases of paralytic polio were reported each year in the United States. These annual epidemics of polio often left thousands of victims--mostly children--in braces, crutches, wheelchairs, and iron lungs. The effects were life-long.|
|Development of polio vaccines and implementation of polio immunization programs have eliminated paralytic polio caused by wild polio viruses in the U.S. and the entire Western hemisphere.|
|In 1999, as a result of global immunization efforts to eradicate the disease, there were about 2,883 documented cases of polio in the world. In 1994, wild polio virus was imported to Canada from India, but high vaccination levels prevented it from spreading in the population.|
|The greatest decline has occurred among children and adolescents due to routine hepatitis B vaccination.|
|Development of polio vaccines and implementation of polio immunization programs have eliminated paralytic polio caused by wild polio viruses (emphasis mine)in the U.S. and the entire Western hemisphere.|
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