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Just thought I'd share this--I am finishing a graduate degree and working on a big library digitization project on the history of medicine and public health at Harvard, and I have been sneaking in interesting BF documents as I find them. (I'm the person who decideds what books & documents they are going to use. So stay tuned, there will be more later...)<br><br>
In the meantime, for your viewing pleasure--a poster from 1914.<br><br><a href="http://pds.harvard.edu:8080/pdx/servlet/pds?id=6232160" target="_blank">http://pds.harvard.edu:8080/pdx/servlet/pds?id=6232160</a>
 

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That's really interesting and cool, although I'm not sure I would say it's completely accurate. Correct me if I'm wrong, but I don't think there is any evidence that shows that BF babies teeth or walk at a certain time. I mean, there isn't exactly a perfect or right time for those things to happen since every baby is different.
 

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I think they didn't even have formula back then, they just used evaporated cow's milk and corn syrup. It's so deficient as far as baby nutrition, way more than formula, that I'm guessing it could lead to delayed development. Of course I have nothing quantitative to back that up, it's just a hunch.
 

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<div>Originally Posted by <strong>kathteach</strong> <a href="/community/forum/post/7892465"><img alt="View Post" class="inlineimg" src="/community/img/forum/go_quote.gif" style="border:0px solid;"></a></div>
<div style="font-style:italic;">I think they didn't even have formula back then, they just used evaporated cow's milk and corn syrup. It's so deficient as far as baby nutrition, way more than formula, that I'm guessing it could lead to delayed development. Of course I have nothing quantitative to back that up, it's just a hunch.</div>
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Ah, true, I didn't think of that.
 

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<table border="0" cellpadding="6" cellspacing="0" width="99%"><tr><td class="alt2" style="border:1px inset;">
<div>Originally Posted by <strong>kathteach</strong> <a href="/community/forum/post/7892465"><img alt="View Post" class="inlineimg" src="/community/img/forum/go_quote.gif" style="border:0px solid;"></a></div>
<div style="font-style:italic;">I think they didn't even have formula back then, they just used evaporated cow's milk and corn syrup. It's so deficient as far as baby nutrition, way more than formula, that I'm guessing it could lead to delayed development. Of course I have nothing quantitative to back that up, it's just a hunch.</div>
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Actually there was infant formula. it was invented in the latter part of the 1860's by Henri Nestle.<br>
yes evaporated milk and corn syrup was used often.
 

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Fascinating! The sad thing is, that poster would never be released by the DOH today. Far too offensive to those who choose to formula feed.
 

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Oh, that rocks. Seriously. Straightforward, no BS. Thank you. (Pass more on, & maybe I'll trade you for some Regency bfing stuff <img alt="" class="inlineimg" src="http://www.mothering.com/discussions/images/smilies/lol.gif" style="border:0px solid;" title="lol">.)
 

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What's does "warm weather" have to do with bf'ing for longer and bottle-feds having more bowel trouble?<br><br>
Is there some obvious connection I'm missing here? Physiological, regulatory processes?
 

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<div style="margin:20px;margin-top:5px;">
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<div>Originally Posted by <strong>TigerTail</strong> <a href="/community/forum/post/7893205"><img alt="View Post" class="inlineimg" src="/community/img/forum/go_quote.gif" style="border:0px solid;"></a></div>
<div style="font-style:italic;">No refrigerators, more sick cows in summer.</div>
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aaaaahhhhhhh. <lightbulb><br><br>
thanks <img alt="" class="inlineimg" src="http://www.mothering.com/discussions/images/smilies/smile.gif" style="border:0px solid;" title="smile">
 

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I think it's more about refrigeration than the cow's milk and corn syrup (which most babies were fed in the 50's and 60's and bf was rare, don't know about earlier decades.)
 

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That's AWESOME! <img alt="" class="inlineimg" src="http://www.mothering.com/discussions/images/smilies/orngbiggrin.gif" style="border:0px solid;" title="orange big grin">
 

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<div>Originally Posted by <strong>sebarnes</strong> <a href="/community/forum/post/7892900"><img alt="View Post" class="inlineimg" src="/community/img/forum/go_quote.gif" style="border:0px solid;"></a></div>
<div style="font-style:italic;">Fascinating! The sad thing is, that poster would never be released by the DOH today. Far too offensive to those who choose to formula feed.</div>
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<img alt="" class="inlineimg" src="http://www.mothering.com/discussions/images/smilies/nod.gif" style="border:0px solid;" title="nod">
 

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That is awesome. I was thinking that the bowel trouble part was dehydration, but food spoilage makes more sense. Maybe if they were using powdered milk or canned formula, mixing it with bad water too??
 

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Thats just awesome. DH said he's going to print it off and tape it to our front door. LOL<br><br>
I read Milk, Money, Madness it goes into pretty good detail about why babies were dying left and right with the cows milk. This book mostly talked about Chicago, not New York. Part of it was lack of refrigeration in the summer, there were no cows in cities so the milk not only sat out in the hot once you got home but it sat out in the hot on a wagon usually from the farm to the city. Also it said that back then they didn't have BGH but they wanted big cows so they kept them locked up and fed them the hops and stuff that was left over from local Brewey's...they were not medically treated and were often times very sick and produced bacteia ridden milk from the begining. Also prior to the push for breastfeeding once babies started dying from cows milk and condensed milk they really pushed artifical milk. <img alt="" class="inlineimg" src="/img/vbsmilies/smilies/rolleyes.gif" style="border:0px solid;" title="rolleyes">: Babies needed to be so fat and gain so much weight it was unreal. They had 'weigh stations' set up in some cities to weigh babies regularly and make sure they were gaining the 'proper' amount of milk.<br><br>
Of course the milk companies bragged about how big they made babies and stuff.<br><br>
It's an interesting book.
 

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Here are some answers to your questions...<br><br>
At the end of the 19th and early 20th century, there was great concern about the adultration of cow milk supplies (they watered it down, mixed it with who knows what) as well as huge concern about tuberculosis infection in cow's milk being passed to people who drank it. (In 1900, TB was the major cause of death--almost everyone was infected.) In the BF lit from this period, many many references are made to this in one way or another--it was such common knowledge at the time that they didn't even need to explain it in this poster.<br><br>
Teething: Traditionally, teething had long been associated with the onset of serious disease in babies--it is even listed as a cause of death in documents from prior to about 1850! (This is probably because babies first stopped nursing when they teethed--and so were exposed to disease from bad food.) So though this isn't explicitly mentioned here, I think it is in the background.<br><br>
Warm weather: Intestinal diseases were often associated with warm weather. Diseases like malaria and yellow fever were definitaly associated with warm weather because of mosquitoes. So women were advised to not wean babies in the summer because of this.<br><br>
Formula: Oh man, there was PLENTY of formula around in 1914--but a lot of it was mixed up on an individual basis by physicians. (That was 'scientific.') In books on infant care I found a lot of chemical analysis of cows milk vs woman's milk, mostly broken down into sugar and protein. There was definitely commerical formula by this time though--Mellein's Food (sp?), various barley malt formulations, etc. But overall physicians seemed way more militant about BF at the time then they are now.<br><br>
Corn syrup didn't really come around until later, I think--production of that is related to the huge overproduction of corn that came with hybrids & industrialized agriculture, which wasn't as huge in 1914 yet.<br><br>
Look at historian Rima Apple's work on the history of infant feeding. There is a great essay of hers on "Scientific motherhood" in the collection MOthers and Motherhood, edited by Rima Apple and Janet Golden. Great stuff--I highly recommend it. (There is a history of La Leche League in there too I think--discusses its roots in the 1950s with the very Christian wife of a physician. There is a whole book on the history of LLL by the same author.)
 
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