Is there neuroinflammation? Could it result from vaccines? Why or why not?In 2005, a groundbreaking paper was published by Dr Vargas of Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine. The Vargas paper has been cited 295 times (on PubMed). It’s a very important paper. Paper (Vargas): “Neuroglial Activation and Neuroinflammation in the Brain of Patients with Autism” The study was simple. Brains and spinal fluid from deceased autistic people (ages 5-44) and age-matched controls were analyzed for cytokines and other indicators of chronic inflammation/microglial activation. The findings were dramatic: every autistic brain at every age had very high levels of brain inflammation (elevated cytokines), compared to controls.