Let's be real. We all get angry. And, no matter how gentle we want to be...sometimes the intense feelings that come from anger are hard to maintain a calm manner within or outward, and that is not good for us or for our children. Unchecked anger can lead us to say and do things we'd never do if rationally controlling our emotions, and that can then lead to guilt and shame as parents.
Here's some valuable information on anger as a normal emotion, as well guest words from esteemed mental health counselor and attachment parenting expert Tricia Jalbert. Tricia passed away earlier this year from cancer, but we've been left a legacy in her words.
Anger: We All Experience It
Sometimes when we practice attachment parenting principles, we fall into the trap of believing that a 'true' attachment parenting parent won't get angry at her child(ren).
That could not be further from the truth. We all experience anger; it's a human reaction, and often a good way to keep our values and social mores formed and checked. We *need* to be angry when injustice happens; it propels us to fight for our fellow creatures on the earth. But, anger, when unchecked and not directed appropriately can be destructive and violent. When this happens in our families, our children and partners can take the brunt, and in the end, so do we.
So the key to anger is, cliche as it sounds, anger management. We need to learn how (yes, just as we teach our toddlers and children to do) manage our anger constructively. Just because we're adults, don't fall for the misbelief that self-control comes naturally and effective anger management is a given. The thing about anger is that it is under your control, but to be so, you have to look inward and see how your thoughts, attitudes and beliefs make an impact in your reactions.
All too often, anger really isn't the primary emotion we need to deal with. It's often a secondary emotion that is disguising others like rejection, sadness, loss, fear or unresolved grief. Sometimes we explode in anger because we're threatened or were as we were growing up, and we've not learned how to feel secure ourselves, much less how to help develop secure relationships and attachments for our children. One of the most important things we can do when we want to get a handle on our anger is to be sure we've got a handle on taking care of ourselves. This can be difficult when we're responsible for little lives, but the adage about putting the air mask on yourself before others is really true. Never feel guilty for being sure your tank is full so you can fill others.
The best thing about parenting is there is always an opportunity to grow. And, there are always people who have been there and done that who are willing to help ensure you have the tools and resources you need to get to where you want to be in your emotional regulation and control. Feel free looking to role models who you believe have good grasps on controlling anger, and turn to parents who practice attachment parenting with similar beliefs that you do. When you find peers who successfully parent and manage their emotions (to the best of their abilities; we all have our moments)--consider turning to them for advice and suggestions as well. It takes a village, and we're all in this together.
Tricia Jalbert passed away earlier this year to cancer, but left us with a lifetime of such advice and helpful ways to manage anger. Here are some that were originally shared in Attachment Parenting International . Find even more helpful content and resources on their website.
Managing Your Anger
By Tricia Jalbert
It's one thing to understand how remaining calm, supportive and objective can be a great service to our children and another thing to do it when we're exhausted, frazzled, and sleep-deprived.
It's also another matter when the emotional wounds from our own childhoods come roaring forth like a fire-breathing dragon. Until one has children, it's often easy to escape the darker parts of our personality. Yet, once we become a parent, we are often so tired or pushed or overwhelmed that those darker sides we'd rather not acknowledge make all-too-frequent appearances. Fortunately, these events can mark some important growing points and can provide opportunities to help ourselves and our children work through difficult feelings.
So What's a Parent To Do?
Children learn from watching how you deal with your own feelings, just as they learn by watching how you deal with theirs. While you wouldn't want to saddle your child with inappropriate exposure to your adult issues and emotions, it is not unhealthy for them to simply see you angry. It's what you do when you are angry, and how you manage your intensity, that are important. Showing healthy responses to strong emotions teaches children that these emotions can be expressed and managed safely.
Ways to Prevent Meltdowns
- Change the frame - Words or phrases can trigger our own over-the-top issues. "Why is this always so hard?" or "I can't do this anymore!" Statements or rhetorical questions like these may release a flood of outrage and frustration that really has nothing to do with our children, but with our own childhood legacy. Choosing another way to see the situation or choosing not to say the phrase makes it more likely that you will stay conscious and connected.
- Set standards - It's difficult to think clearly when you are upset or frustrated with children. A strategy would give some predetermined guideposts that are "bottom lines" for our behavior. Perhaps you decide that there will be no hitting or swearing and that if things get too hot you will call a compulsory parent time-out.
- Monitor your own feelings - Anger is a second feeling. Usually something occurs first -- fear, sadness, fatigue. Learn to catch yourself and monitor how you're feeling. Tuning in to your own cues of frustration may prevent a parental meltdown. Learn effective strategies for diffusing the anger. Learn to pause. Step away, if you have to. It takes practice, but it has been shown that just a few seconds can diffuse the anger significantly.
- What are you really angry about? You cannot be supportive and connected when you are feeling enraged. Tune in to what you are really angry about. Harville Hendrix in Giving the Love That Heals says that some of our strong reactions that are "negative, intense, and repetitive are an almost certain clue that a parent has found a point of potential growth for himself. You know you are face-to-face with the unfinished business of your own childhood when you respond with strong negative feelings to your child's behavior."For instance, if you were not supported as a toddler in asserting your independence, your own toddler's age-appropriate defiance will be troublesome for you. If anger wasn't allowed in your family, you will have difficulty helping your child through this stage. Get some support. Get an outlet. Use this as an opportunity to heal some old wounds.
- Give your behavior a name: "I feel angry right now."
- Don't give in to phrases that may escalate the anger. Phrases like, "You always do this" or "I'm so tired of this" can cause anger to really flare.
- Work to avoid scaring children. You can honestly and vigorously express your feelings without being scary.
- Work to express anger without blame or labeling. "I feel angry when you throw your toys" instead of "You make me so angry." The child doesn't make us angry. We make a choice, albeit unconscious, to become angry.
- Don't act physically when angry. Spanking is not the only form of physical anger that parents sometimes use with their children. When angry, do not go to pick up or move your child. Physicalizing when angry only seems to unleash even more, perhaps buried, anger.
- Take a break. Step away for a moment and take a breath.
- Stay in the present. Learn to distinguish your own backlog of anger from that which is appropriate to the immediate situation.
- What's underneath the anger? Pay attention to the emotions that accompany your anger. Overwhelmed? Fatigued? Burnt out? Work to identify the underlying causes and address them. If your anger is not really about the children, make sure they know it's not their fault, that you're just feeling angry, crabby, tired, etc.
Although no one feels good about losing control in front of or at our children, we can work to repair the situation by admitting that we have behaved inappropriately. Parents can and should apologize to their children. They should also explain to their children what has happened when children witness the parent being inappropriately angry with someone else:
- Acknowledge your mistake. Tell the child how you were feeling at the time of the incident and why.
- Tell the child how you are feeling now (e.g. sorry, embarrassed, etc.) and why.
- De-brief. Discuss what you could have done to calm yourself.
- Problem-solve. Brainstorm with your child how you both can avoid future incidents.
For More Information
When Anger Hurts Your Kids by Matthew McKay
Giving the Love That Heals by Harville Hendrix & Helen Hunt
Becoming the Parent You Want to Be by Laura Davis & Janis Keyser
Image: Ishai Parasol